CAREER IN SEED INDUSTRY
Dr. N.C. Sarkar and K. Silvas Jebakumar Prince
Seed is the most important inevitable input for productive agriculture. In the last four
decades, India has made significant advances in agriculture where the role of the seed sector is substantial. In comparison to the total Global seed
market (US$ 21 billion per annum), though Indian seed business attains to the approximate level of 900 million (Rs 4000 crores), however its
expected upsurge growth is must in near future. In recent times, Dr M. S. Swaminathan, an eminent scientist, has highlighted India's potential in this
respect and estimated that India can capture one-fourth of the world business in seeds, transforming rural employment, income and poverty. So,
students in agriculture have an unlimited prospect in this growing industry to explore and contribute a high to bloom farming community.
Employment opportunities for agricultural subjects:
Agriculture is composed of a vast of subjects that
includes fully or partly the elements of the basic sciences. Seed industry is a harbour of all major subjects of agriculture that blends the success of
seed business. The subjects include as below-
1. Genetics & plant breeding: Release of quality cultivars needs a confirmed assurance from qualified students from this
department. Breeding is a creation of variation is strength for any seed producing organization. The qualified breeder should have a creative and
selective eye towards selecting plants for breeding programmes. Students from this department have a good opportunity because of fundamental
knowledge during course of study.
2. Agronomy: Agronomy subject is used to call as mother of agriculture that teaches all fundamental aspects of agriculture. Before release of the
new hybrid seeds or varieties, it is mandatory for the seed producers to test the new cultivars for
multilocation trials to understand the their adaptabilities in different agro-climatic conditions. It is most important for the countries like India,
which have wide variability of the soil as well as climatic parameters. Agronomists also have opportunity to look after the seed production unit,
where agronomic managements confirm the quality of seeds and productivity.
3. Entomology: Damage of crop by insect-pests is common to any
crop environment. The entomologist will design crop wise admissible insect levels, various crop protection techniques (Laboratory & Screening
methods) and crop - insect specific control measures. Each new hybrid has to be tested for their resistance to the economic pests both in lab and
field condition through trials.
4. Agricultural Biotechnology Biotechnology has paved the way for the introduction of transgenic crops.
Biotechnologists can determine seed quality parameters faster through simpler molecular techniques and Genetic marker studies. They also play a
major role in determination of seed purity, occurrence of resistance genes (for both biotic and abiotic stress), confirmation of transferred genes
through crosses done in field conditions and particularly in characterizing evolved hybrids on molecular levels.
5. Seed Technology Seed
technologists have great responsibilities to monitor supply of best quality seeds, production. Quality
testing for different parameters like germinations, physical purity, moisture contents are need to be assessed and maintained to a certain standards
prescribed on Seed act before final packaging for marketing. Students from this department can take a lead in this regard.
6. Plant Pathology
Disease is one of the major constraints in getting high yields or quality products, the intensity of which varies across the seasons and agro-climatic
conditions. Pathologists have a major role to take the challenge to find out the feasible solutions. They need to study the level of tolerance/
resistance of newly developed hybrids before their release for marketing.
7. Soil Science Students from soil science also have enough
opportunity in the seed industry in studying the plant-soil relation and their interactions. Their fundamental knowledge can pave the way for in-depth
analysis on adaptability of hybrids in different soil types.
Educational level/ Degree required:
Students who have completed doctorate or masters in specialized
subjects have ample opportunity to enter into the research level, which is the key strength of any seed industry. However, marketing is also another
scope for masters. Moreover, this depends purely on level of interests of profession they used to prefer.
Agriculture graduate on the other
hand, can opt marketing or production. They have least opportunity to enter into the research as they lack the field of any specialization.
However graduate can find better opportunity and monetary benefits in marketing or strategic management after completion of management degree/
- XII students interested for agriculture subjects, have to appear ICAR
(Indian Council of Agricultural Research) entrance test for getting admission at graduation in agril. university all over the country. Besides,
universities also conduct their own entrance tests
- Similarly, agril. graduates who are interested for masters have to appear ICAR-led Junior
Research Fellowship (JRF) examination and to get higher rank to opt for good institutions.
- Masters students can take admission in PhD in same
university or can appear IARI-led all India examination.
Reputed agricultural institutes:
1) Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi. It is a premier
agriculture institute in India and has international reputation. IARI is a deemed university and has only post-graduate studies (Masters &
doctorates) with limited seats. For getting admission in master degree, B.Sc. agricultural graduates need to get rank in top order in JRF-examination.
For doctoral programme, IARI-PhD entrance (open for
all India competition) will be conducted. Website:www.iari.res.in
2) G.B.Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar,
Uttaranchal. It is the first agricultural university in India, has a good reputation in this technical field. All the agricultural subjects are taught here.
3) Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana, Punjab. The university has outstanding achievements in agricultural
research, education and extension. Website:www.pau.edu
4) CCS Agricultural University, Hisar, Haryana HAU has international repute for its
advances in high yielding crops. Website:www.haryana-online.com/hau.htm
5) Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University, Rajendranagar, Andhra
Pradesh It is also one of the reputed university having 13 colleges in Agriculture, Veterinary, Home Science, Agricultural Engineering, Fisheries
Science and Polytechnics Website: www.medistudies.com/ngranga/ngranga.htm
6) University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka It
has a multiple research centers and good infrastructures in the field of agriculture. Website: www.uasd.edu/introduction.htm
7) Bidhan Chandra
Krishi Vidyalaya, Mohanpur, West Bengal The university is one of the pioneer institutes of Agricultural Education, Research and Extension.
8) Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology, Bhubaneshwar, Orissa It is also one of the oldest agricultural
institutes in India Website:www.ouat.ac.in
9) Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya , Jabalpur, Orissa JNKV has good reputation in the
agricultural research. Website: www.jnkvv.nic.in
10) Tamilnadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu. It is also one of the oldest
reputed Agricultural University dealing with multidisciplinary departments, especially in Plant breeding and genetics. Website: www.tnau.ac.in