JOB OPPORTUNITIES IN HORTICULTURE
Horticulture is the main stream of agriculture. The term "Horticulture" is derived from the Latin 'hortus' (garden) and culture(cultivation), which means garden cultivation. Horticulture
is the branch of agricultural plant sciences that deals with the production of fruits, vegetable, nuts and ornamentals. It is a major source of food and
employment. Operationally, there are several divisions of horticulture: pomology, arboriculture, and landscape architect etc. Modern and scientific
horticulture began in 1928 when Imperial Council of Agricultural Research later named as Indian Council of Agricultural Research was constituted. Research
centers were established through this council in every state. The research work is done at every centre. At present there are about 29 agricultural universities
in our country where horticultural education and research is being carried out. It accounts for food from three major sources: Vegetable, fruits and nuts.
JOBS IN HORTICULTURAL FIELD
Horticulture provides a wide variety of jobs for many categories of people, directly or indirectly: Direct Jobs : A large number of jobs require knowledge and training in
horticulture. The level of training could be vocational or at the college level. The work may be indoors or outdoors. Many jobs in horticulture require diploma
or degree in horticulture or agriculture. A college education provides more indepth knowledge of the field and offers job opportunities at supervisory or
managerial levels and to conduct research. At present there are about 29 agricultural universities in our country where horticultural education and
research is being carried out.
1. In Govt. Jobs
(a) For M.Sc. Ag (Horticulture) and Ph.D in Horticulture
(i) Scientist: Examination conducted by the Agriculture Scientist Recruitment Board, ICAR New
Delhi offers opportunities for scientist.
(ii) In Education: Lecturer, Reader, Assistant Professor, Associate Professor in Agriculture Universities and
(iii) Training Organizer & Training Associate in Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK)
(b) For Graduate (Horticulture/Agriculture) :
Services : Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission (U.P.S.C) for IAS/IFS (Civil Service & Allied ).
(ii) As District Horticulture
Officer/District Agriculture Officer through Examination conducted by State Public Service Commission.
(iii) Technical Assistant/Technical Officer in
Agriculture Universities, ICAR, DRDO, IARI & CSIR.
(iv) Horticulture Inspector/Fruit & Vegetable Inspector/ Marketing Inspector
Assistant in Krishi Vigyan Kendra(KVK).
(vi) Farm Supervisor.
(vii) Section Officer (Horticulture/Landscaping), Horticulturist or Supervisor
(viii)Agriculture Development Officer.
(ix) Village Level Worker.
(x) Agriculture Inspector.
2. Private Sector:
(i) As Horticulturist/Horticulture Officer or Supervisor (Landscape) in Industries, Farm Houses, Hotels, Golf Courses & Construction Companies etc.
(ii) As Horticulture officer in processing companies of agriculture production.
(iii) Marketing Job also in pesticides and insecticides companies.
SELF EMPLOYMENT IN HORTICULTURE:
(i) As Horticulture Consultant provide advice, design,
evaluation, supervision of garden or orchard etc. (ii) You can start the Agriculture clinic. Government provides money (up to Rs. 10.00 Lac) for this
(iii) Raise commercial nursery of fruit plants, flower and ornamental plants
(iv) Seed producer of vegetables and flower crops.
(vi) Floral decorator/florist shop
(vii) Horticulture Services Contractor
(viii) Mushroom grower
(x) Proprietor-cold storage
(xi) Processing work of Horticulture production
(xii) You can start/establish an institute for
vocational education (Horticulture/Landscape)
INDIRECT JOBS : The ornamental industry has spawned a number of supporting or service industries :
(1) RESEARCH: Many scientists are engaged in developing new and improve types of vegetables, fruits and ornamentals. Apart from improving the agronomic and
nutritional qualities of plants, horticultural scientists also devote considerable time to improve the aesthetics of ornamentals and the quality of
(2) CHEMICAL INDUSTRY: The horticulture industry depends on large amounts and varieties of chemicals, including fertilizers, pesticides and growth hormones. Many companies are
involved in producing chemicals that are used to enhance plant production and the quality of produce.
(3) MACHINERY: The engineers design and produce
tools and machinery for use in the production of horticultural plants. Machinery and implements are available for preparing, harvesting, storing and packaging.
These aids enable large scale production of horticultural plants to be undertaken.
(4) DISTRIBUTION: Horticultural products are transported from
the areas of production to marketing outlets. Because of their largely perishable nature, horticulture produce and product require special handling on
transportation to retain their quality for along time.
COMPUTER IN HORTICULTURE:
Now, computers are widely used in the horticulture field.
Special areas of computer application in horticulture include :- Designing plans, crop modeling, soil modeling, equipment automation, public information,
record keeping and databases, Expert systems, Communication, sensor technology and internet service etc. Computer technology has significant applications in
horticulture. Green house automation and equipment calibration for automatic application of chemicals.
(The author "Randhir Singh Sehrawat" is horticulture consultant)Enews